The Conference Board of Canada, Labour Market Information in Agriculture: Most Recent Data, March 2016.

Agriculture faces a challenge in the labour force. In agriculture, 1 job in 12 is vacant. In all other sectors, 1 job in 36 is vacant. Currently, compared to demand, there is a deficit of 59,200 workers in the agriculture industry. Foreign workers make up 12% of the total farm labour force in Canada (all sectors combined). The gap between labour supply and demand doubled between 2004 and 2014, from 30,100 workers (7.6% of demand) to 59,200 workers (14.7% of demand). The current and future impact of unmet jobs is real. Job vacancies cost the industry $1.5 billion in sales in 2014, or 2.7% of total industry sales. 17% of employers report having to postpone or cancel expansion plans due to vacancies. Farms with vacancies typically have characteristics such as being growth-oriented, larger than average, and owned by younger owners.

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